Disruption of Educational Activities and Proposed Responses
The Association of African Universities (AAU) has observed with growing concern developments related to the outbreak of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The life-threatening nature and rapid transmission of this disease has been felt globally – its significant impact on the global education systems is also being felt, especially in African countries. Numerous African higher education institutions (HEIs) and other educational institutions have been ordered to close in order to contain the spread of COVID-19. UNESCO (2020) monitoring estimates that 776.7 million children and youth worldwide will be obstructed by the closure of schools resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic.
HOW AFRICAN UNIVERSITIES ARE RESPONDING TO THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC
The AAU is also pleased to note various initiatives by African Universities to actively participate in high-end research towards finding a cure for COVID-19. Examples of universities involved in COVID-19 research include the African Centre of Excellence for the Genomics of Infectious Disease (ACEGID) at Redeemer’s University, Ede, Nigeria that is leading the way in fighting COVID-19 in Africa (Read More Here). The University of Ghana Health Services and Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research formed a Joint Emergency Response Team (UG ERT) to bring education and awareness on preventive measures and diagnosis of COVID-19 at the University of Ghana campuses (Read More Here). Makerere University in Uganda has developed a dedicated website to provide Africa with facts and research based information on COVID-19.
Numerous African universities have also established COVID-19 emergency response teams. The University of Cape Coast in Ghana is highly applauded for being one of the first African universities to take decisive actions in a bid to contain the spread of the virus. The University of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa has launched a “WAR ROOM” for confronting the coronavirus outbreak. Additional responses by universities in South Africa can be found here.
THE OPPORTUNITIES PRESENTED BY COVID-19
The COVID-19 safety measures that have been announced by African governments in relation to the closing educational institutions and banning gatherings have a negative impact on the continuation of teaching, learning and research activities of HEIs. Even though this appears to be a negative outcome we see it as an opportunity that African universities can explore to introduce technology-based platforms for teaching, learning and research. Based on our ongoing assessments of technology adoption by African universities we are aware that a significant number of the African universities have implemented some kinds of eLearning management systems. However, we are also aware that most African universities had not yet enforced technology-supported teaching and learning – this includes those that do have eLearning management systems installed on their campuses. This is the appropriate moment for our HEIs to move decisively to institutionalize technology-based teaching and learning.
PRECAUTIONS RECOMMENDED BY THE AAU
Though most universities in Africa, have taken measures to mitigate the negative impact of the pandemic, the AAU is adding its voice and encouraging African HEIs to take the necessary steps to reduce the impact of COVID-19. The AAU therefore urges all African HEIs to consider the following:
WHAT THE AAU IS DOING AS A RESPONSE TO THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC
The AAU wishes to assure all its Member Universities, other African HEIs and stakeholders that it remains committed to its mandate and will provide the necessary support and advocacy to mitigate the impact of the COVID pandemic on education in the continent and help ensure that the COVID-19 impact on education is minimal.
The AAU is doing the following as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic:
ABOUT THE ASSOCIATION OF AFRICAN UNIVERSITIES (AAU)
The Association of African Universities (AAU) is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization created by African universities to promote cooperation among themselves on the one hand, and between them and the international academic community on the other. AAU is the Implementing arm of the African Union Commission on Higher Education matters and the Coordinator of The Continental Education Strategy for Africa (CESA-16-25). Created in 1967, the AAU is the Voice of Higher Education in Africa. It aims to improve the quality of African Higher Education, and to strengthen its contribution to Africa’s development by supporting the core functions of higher education institutions and facilitating critical reflection and consensus building on issues affecting Higher Education in Africa.